Ecclesiastes, Chapters 1-12

The Book of Ecclesiastes, traditionally attributed to King Solomon of ancient Israel—celebrated for his legendary wisdom and reign—is thought to have been penned in his twilight years, well after his tenure as monarch.

Ecclesiastes diverges markedly from the tone of Proverbs, adopting a somber and introspective voice. In its passages, the author laments the burdens of old age and critiques the myriad vanities he has observed and indulged in throughout his life. Solomon’s refrain, “Vanity of vanities, all is vanity,” echoes throughout the text, highlighting the transient nature of worldly pursuits. Ultimately, the book posits a singular truth of paramount importance, surpassing the quest for wisdom.